How to Care for Your Septic System?
You’re pretty familiar with either the shape and structure of a septic system if people live in a small region or own a vacation house in the middle of nowhere.
In a nutshell, a septic system it’s just your own sewage treatment plant on your property. It’s mostly utilized in situations when a municipal sewer system isn’t accessible or isn’t cost-effective.
When maintained properly, a septic system is undetectable and odourless. A septic system does not require much upkeep. A tank that is well-built and well-maintained may endure eternally.
However, after approximately 15 to 20 years of operation, the leach field, which is the subterranean region in which all of the sewage drainpipes are situated, will almost certainly require significant treatment or maybe replacement.
Following just few easy guidelines, such as avoiding utilizing far to much water but not putting things in the septic tank which bacteria can’t digest, should keep a septic system running well for many years.
- When too many sediments develop in the septic tank, it needs cleaning out, as per appropriate septic tank maintenance.
- Consider what you and your family put into your septic system when thinking about septic tank repair. It doesn’t take much to disturb the tank’s delicate biological equilibrium.
You can extend the life of a septic system by keeping an eye on everything that goes into it and following these maintenance guidelines:
- Examine your system and preserve detailed records. Inspect your system on a regular basis for proper maintenance and arrange your system’s documents, such as diagrams, system maintenance, and so on.
- Septic tanks should be pumped out on a regular basis. Pumping your septic tank every one to three years is the industry norm to guarantee that particles are adequately broken down and do not block the drain field. Pumping on a regular basis can assist avoid system failure and extend the life of your system.
- Conserve water and keep track of your consumption. Furthermore, dumping more water into the system than it can handle might cause it to back up, which is not a good thing.
- Excessive usage of any home chemicals is not recommended. Home detergents, bleaches, drain cleaners, and other household chemicals can be used in regular doses without disrupting the bacterial action in the septic tank. Cleaning water for latex paintbrushes and cans, for example, should not be dumped into the home sewage.
- Coffee grinds, cooking grease, wet-strength towels (paper towels that don’t disintegrate readily, such as the heavy-duty variety), disposable diapers, face tissues, cigarette butts, and other non-decomposable items should not be disposed of in the home sewage. These items will not degrade, will overflow the septic tank, and will cause the system to get clogged.
- Grease should not be flushed down the toilet. It can clog sewer pipes or clog the entry to the septic tank. Waste grease should be kept in a separate container and discarded with the rubbish.
- Every one to three years, a professional should pump and clean your septic tank. Solids must be evacuated from a septic tank more frequently in a northern climate than in a southern climate. Cooler temperatures hinder bacterial action, resulting in slower sewage solids breakdown.
- The dimensions of the tank, the amount of wastewater, as well as the amount of solids that go into these all influence how often you should get your septic tank cleaned. A constant bad odour, slow drains, and backed-up drains are all symptoms that the septic tank has to be pumped. When in uncertainty, hire a septic expert.
1. Inspect and Pump Frequently
A standard septic system should also be checked by an expert at least once every three years, and the tank drained if the inspector recommends it generally every 3 to 5 years.
Electrical float switches, pumps, and mechanical components in alternative methods should be tested more frequently, around once a year.
Your septic tank’s scum, as well as sludge layers, should indeed be examined by your service provider for leakage. Your system needs to be drained if the base of the scum layer is still within 6 inches of the base of the outlet tee or the top of the sludge layer is still within 12 inches of the outlet tee.
In your service & maintenance documents, make a note of the sludge and scum levels indicated by your network operator. This knowledge will assist you in determining how often you should pump.
- Identifying the system is part of the inspection.
- Access points are being discovered.
- Toilets need to be flushed.
- I’m looking for any signs of backup.
- Scum and sludge layers are measured.
- Detecting any potential leaks.
- Mechanical components are being examined.
- If required, pump the tank.
The number of individuals in your house, the volume of wastewater produced as a result of the number of individuals in your residence and the volume of water consumed, the amount of solids in the sewage, and the capacity of your septic tank all play a role in the frequency of pumping.
Others claim that treatments break down waste and eliminate the need for pumping. It’s not universally agreed upon whether or not additives work. Actually, the bacteria needed for efficient treatment are already present in the septic tanks.
In order to make sure that septic systems perform effectively and last for a long time, they should be pumped out at intervals. Regardless, every septic tank needs to be pumped on a regular basis.
There should be a notice about any completed repairs and if the tank is in excellent condition. As soon as the pumper suggests additional repairs that he or she is unable to make, engage someone to do them.
2. Use Water Efficiently
- In a normal single-family home, daily indoor water consumption is over 70 gallons per person. Each day, a leaky toilet can waste up to 200 gallons.
- Less water enters the septic system if a family conserves water. Septic system performance can be improved and failure risk reduced by conserving water.
- Toilets with high efficacy Toilet flushing accounts for 25–30% of total household water consumption.
- Do you know how much water your toilet takes to empty the bowl? Most older toilets have 3.5- to 5-gallon reservoirs, whereas current high-efficiency toilets consume 1.6 gallons or less of water per flush.
- If your septic system is being flooded with household water, consider lowering the amount of water in the toilet tank or replacing your existing toilets with high-efficiency versions if you don’t already have them.
- Aerators for faucets and high-efficiency showerheads Faucet aerators help you save money by reducing the amount of water you consume and the amount of water that enters your septic system.
- Showerheads with high efficiency or shower flow restrictors can also help save water. Fixtures for water Make sure the reservoir in your toilet isn’t leaking into the bowl. Before going to bed, add five drops of liquid food colouring to the reservoir.
- If indeed the coloring is still in the container the next day, the tank is seeping and needs to be repaired.
- Each day, a small trickle from either a faucet contributes hundreds of gallons of wasted water to the network. Put a cup underneath the drip for ten min to see just how much a leak increases your water usage.
- 144 times the volume of moisture in the cup (the number of minutes in 24 hours, divided by 10). This really is the maximum sum of pure water that leaks into your sewer tank on a daily basis.
3. Properly Dispose of Waste
So what would you avoid flushing down the toilet? Duct tape, feminine products, contraceptives, diapers, sanitizing wipes, cigarette butts, coffee grounds, cat litter, paper towels, as well as other kitchen and bathroom items which can clog as well as possibly impact septic entire system should they become trapped can clog and potentially damage septic system components should they become trapped.
Flushing household chemicals, gasoline, oil, pesticides, antifreeze, and paint through the system can stress or ruin the biological treatment process, as well as contaminate surface and groundwater.
Reduce the flow of floatable items like fats, oils, and grease into your tank if your septic tank pumper is concerned about swiftly building scum layers, or expect to pay for more frequent inspections and pumping.
Machines for washing clothes You can save water by selecting the appropriate load size. Using the large-load cycle to wash small loads of clothing wastes water and energy. If you don’t have the option to choose the load size, just do full loads of laundry.
While doing all of your laundry in one day may seem like a good idea, it could be detrimental to your septic system. Doing load after load deprives your septic tank of the time it needs to properly process wastes.
You can be flooding your drainfield without leaving enough time for it to recuperate. Water usage should be spaced out over the course of the week. In comparison to a normal model, the new Energy Star clothes washer uses 35% less energy and 50% less water.
4. Maintain Your Drainfield
Your septic system’s drain field is a critical component. Here are some suggestions for keeping it in good shape:
Over and around your septic system, only plant grass. The drain field might be clogged and damaged by roots from adjacent plants or shrubs. Any portion of your septic system should not be driven or parked on. This might compress your drain field’s dirt or damage your septic system’s pipes, tank, or other components.
Away from the drain field, keep roof drains, basement sump pump drains, and any rainfall or surface water drainage systems. Excessive water in the drain field delays or stops the treatment process and can cause plumbing fittings to clog.