Introduction Septic Tank Pump
In addition to a septic tank, septic systems include a pump tank. An effluent pump, control floats, and a high-water alarm are all contained within this pump tank.
The control floats are set to direct a certain amount of sewage to the drainfield. A “dose” is the term for this exact amount. When the “on” float in the pump tank is reached, the pump is triggered, and sewage is pumped out until the “off” float is reached.
Once sewage reaches the alarm float if the “on” float or pump fails, an alert will sound. Before the system overflows or backs up into the house, there is some emergency storage capacity available in the pump tank once this alarm has been sounded.
The alarm can be found under the kitchen sink, in the garage, or on the side of your house. It can be turned off, but that won’t address the problem. In such a case, homeowners should initiate emergency water conservation measures right once.
What is a Septic Pump?
A submersible water pump installed in the last chamber of a septic tank or in a separate pump sump following the septic tank is referred to as a septic tank pump.
A septic tank pump is a tiny water pump that may be submerged in wastewater. When the chamber fills with water, a float switch will turn the pump on and off.
How to Install a Septic Tank Pump in a Septic Tank?
Here, the install a septic tank pump following steps are as below.
- If your building is at risk of being damaged by system overload or an inability to keep up with water or waste input rates into the pump system, install a duplex or two-pump system coupled with a pump alarm system.
- Check your installation’s needs for local construction permits, electrical and plumbing inspections, and code compliance.
- The sewage or septic pump requires electricity.
- Before handling or installing the pump, turn off the power to the grinder pump circuit. The electrical circuit for the pump should be correctly grounded, with no splices in the pump cable. To get electricity to the pump, don’t use an extension cable.
- Make that the pump basin or well has a big enough diameter to allow the float assembly to move freely without binding.
- Do not raise the pump with the power cable attached.
- Waterproof junction boxes are required for electrical circuit splices in damp or wet areas.
- If your facility is prone to power interruptions, consider installing a battery-backed pumping system.
- Keep the pump’s power cable away from the float assembly, sharp edges, and moving parts by taping or securing it to the discharge line.
- Confirm a proper electrical ground by conducting electrical testing (DMM/VOM) to ensure that the pump circuit’s electrical ground is in fact connected and operational.
- The factory-supplied 3-prong plug for the pump motor should be used to connect it to a 3-prong grounded electrical outlet.
- For the sewage or septic pump, there is a pumping basin, well, or chamber.
- Check the bottom of the grinder pump well or basin for dirt; remove tiny stones, sticks, and other solid material.
- Make sure the pump base can stand on a stable, flat, and level surface. If you need to add a concrete block or other support below the pump, you’ll need to deepen the well.
- For the pumping chamber, provide a sturdy, child-proof basin cover.
- The sewage / septic grinder pump’s plumbing
- The discharge pipe must not be less in diameter than the discharge pipe connection hole on the sewage pump.
- If a check valve is not put in the pump’s discharge line, the same wastewater will be pumped again throughout each pumping cycle.
- In the discharge line, a check valve vent should be placed at the correct level.
- To allow service of the pump assembly, a gate valve or ball valve should be placed ahead of a Unicheck or a union on the pump discharge line.
- Turn on the electricity and fill the pumping chamber with clean water to see whether it’s working.
Pump Components of a Septic Tanks System
1. Float Switch
A septic tank alarm and a float switch are required if your septic system employs a pump to transport wastewater from the tank to the drain field.
The float rises when the tank’s water level climbs over an appropriate level. If you don’t fix the error, the float will flip and an alert will sound, warning you that you’ll overflow.
When the float switch fails, the alarm goes off even if the tank isn’t full. You might attempt resolving the problem before hiring a septic service professional.
2. Troubleshooting Possible Float Switch Problems:
Check the float switch’s on/off switch to check if it activates the pump. If it doesn’t, you could have a faulty pump or a faulty switch.
Check for damage on all exposed cable or wires.
Bypassing the switch, the pump can sometimes be hooked directly into a power source. You are, however, now using the pump in manual mode. To turn off the pump, you must unplug it. Otherwise, the pump may burn out.
3. Control Panel
Pumps of various sizes are controlled via control panels. Single submersible pumps are controlled by Simplex Control Panels. High water alarms, fuses for the alarm circuit, and circuit breakers are all included in simplex panels.
These control panels are designed for a single pump and may be used in either residential or business settings.
Dual submersible pumps are controlled by Duplex Control Panels. High water alarms, fuses, and circuit breakers are all included in these panels.
Throughout the day, Time Dosing Control Panels transfer wastewater to a secondary system. Using a cycling timer, time dosing allows distribution to a secondary system.
Control Panel Parts of Septic Tank Pump
When automated electrical cycling of the pump is needed for extra protection in home or commercial applications, a Control Panel is employed.
All systems that use a non-automatic pump must have a control panel. The pump and pump motor are protected by the pump control box.
How to Maintain or Repair a Septic Tank Pump?
Septic tank pump maintenance is closely linked to septic system maintenance in general.
Do not clean or drain the following typical household parts to avoid the need for emergency septic services and to extend the pump’s life.
- Dental floss
- Grease, oils, or fats generated by or utilized in cooking
- Cat litter
- Baby wipes
- Q-tips or other cotton swabs
- Personal care products
Other maintenance processes do not use waste disposal systems since they quickly fill septic tanks and allow water to enter the tanks.
Solids can enter the septic tank and obstruct the pump or drainage area if a large volume of water enters the system.
Significant Maintenance Tips for Septic Tank
Regularly inspect the septic tank and pump (at least once a year). Refrain from wasting water (the tank may fill up or overflow with treated water during filtration). Dishwashers, showerheads, faucets, toilets, and washing machines are all examples of energy-efficient appliances.
Unless it’s toilet paper or human faces, don’t flush anything down the toilet. On the toilet, consider using a child-safety device. Unless absolutely necessary, do not pour cooking oil or chemicals into the sink. Chemical pipelines and sewage purifiers should not be limited or used.
Maintaining a septic pump is similar to maintaining a septic system in general. Never drain or flush these typical household objects to avoid needing emergency septic service and to extend the pump’s useful life:
- Baby wipes
- Cat litter
- Fats, oils, and/or grease created by or used in cooking
- Dental floss
- Personal hygiene items; and
- Q-tips or other cotton swabs.
Avoiding using the garbage disposal can help keep your septic tank clean and prevent overflowing.
If the septic system receives an excessive amount of water, particles may enter the septic pump and produce a blockage in either the pump or the drain field.
How to Clean a Septic Tank Naturally?
Some individuals like to maintain their septic tanks in this manner. Because this mixture is less harmful than putting a strong chemical cleaner (such as bleach) into the pipe, and it won’t destroy any residue or natural bacteria in the decomposition tank, natural cleaning employs a mixture of lemon, vinegar, and baking soda.
What are the Common Septic Pump Issues?
A septic tank pump can cause a variety of problems, but the most frequent ones are listed below:
1 Noise or No Noise
The septic tank in the disinfection chamber may be heard operating over time. If the pump isn’t working or doesn’t appear to be moving trash, it’s broken, and you should contact a plumber right once.
2 Leaking into The Septic Tank
The check valve on this pump creates a pressure differential, which keeps the waste flowing through the pump to the drainage region. The Tank Inspection may flow back into the septic tank if the valve wears out or breaks, and the tank returns to the pipeline.
3 Faulty Float
The float can open and close, and debris in the tank can harm it. The silt may be removed by engineers. If the damage is significant, the float may need to be changed.
4 Burnt Out Motor
Even though the unit is turned on, if the tank motor burns out or is broken, the pump will not be able to transport foreign items. Installing a new pump will generally cure the problem.